What is a framework in simple words

A framework is, in simple words, a kind of tool that helps create software in an efficient and structured manner. A set of top solutions that simplify the process, avoiding repetition of work. In fact, we mean software platforms, ready-made bases for services. Pre-established rules and structures that must be followed. And components, modules and templates make the process faster and more predictable.

One of the characteristics is versatility, designed to be useful to a wide range. Frameworks are the basis for web application development, mobile and desktop programs, allowing you to focus on the code and not waste time on basic functionality. Customized components integrate seamlessly into your project, reducing time and errors while increasing productivity and ease of use.

Frame works are also known for their reliability. They are thoroughly tested and optimized for balanced performance. Easy adaptation to changing market requirements and developing technologies. Ensuring long-term viability and easy scalability.

What is a framework

After we have figured out what a framework is in simple words, let’s talk in detail about the concept and role in the world of software production. As mentioned, the program is a list of rules that greatly simplifies life. They are the foundation stone of programs. The main idea is that developers have access to use ready-made templates and solutions, instead of reinventing the wheel every time.

In the context of integrations, a framework is the foundation on which a specific case is built. It defines the structure, the methods of connection between its pieces, using many options for lightening. This may include the design diagram, templates and functions.

The next point to emphasize is the fact that the framework is not the final contact. The basic design, unique processes and logic must be contributed by specialists. This helps maintain flexibility and individuality. Let’s move on, why are they needed at all and how do they compare with other tools, what programming methods and languages are there.

Why do we need frameworks

Now that we’ve covered the basic concepts, let’s move on to the question: why are frameworks needed at all and why experts prefer to use them when creating specialized scripts and services.

Why do you need a framework

First of all, it significantly speeds up processes by avoiding multiple coding of the same functions. Saving time and resources is a key advantage of frameworks. We also note that use helps to increase structure. Certain rules and guidelines make the code understandable and maintainable. Especially applicable in large teams, where several people have access to work on one branch.

How does a framework differ from a library

Let’s look at the difference between a framework and a library, since these two concepts are often confused. Two important principles in planning and although they may seem similar, they are significantly different.

library and frame

The framework, as we already know, is a branch of solutions for many categories. A library, on the other hand, represents functions and classes that can be used as desired. Without imposing certain paths and without setting rules. The specialist can select the components that he needs for integration.

The main difference between a framework and a library is flow control. In the first option, the engineer transfers control to the system, which then calls the script according to the specified rules. In the case of a library, the specialist controls and calls functions at his own discretion. Understanding the difference is important when starting out; if you’re building an interface with a specific hierarchy, a library may be the right choice if you want more freedom and flexibility.

Features of web frameworks

Let’s pay attention to the features of the framework, that it is a set of unique and important rules. HTTP, blocks, security, authentication, authorization, and modularity make them powerful solutions.

features and differences

A web framework is a specialized view implemented for creating websites and services. A number of relevant factors:

  • HTTP: Convenient for processing HTTP requests and responses. This is communication with the browser and clients, processing data from forms, establishing sessions and much more.
  • Routing: One of the key elements is URL paths. A mechanism for determining which step should be performed in response to a particular URL.
  • Teiplates: Create dynamic web pages by separating logic and presentation.
  • Authentication: Means for authenticating users and controlling access to various parts.
  • Modular: Often built with a modular structure and elements in mind.


Variety: Web development frameworks are used for different areas, from small personal blogs to large corporate portals.

  • Versions: Suitable for various web applications, including single page applications (SPA), social networks, online stores, internal plugins.
  • Technology access: Supports different languages suitable for a specific task.
  • Customization: Frameworks are the basis for customization and extension. Developers can implement their own ideas and adapt them to their needs.
  • Community and support: Popular platforms have active communities that provide access to documentation and updates.


Ability to be relevant and flexible in a changing world. We must easily adapt to new trends and requirements. Good products are developed taking into account the block structure, and it is easy to update and expand as they progress. Provide support for modern third-party table integrations with components. Adaptability allows you to create services that remain in demand and competitive.

Efficiency and simplicity

Two characteristics that stand out in the implementation of a new product. Refers to its performance, scalability and ability to handle large volumes of data or users. Some specialize in certain areas, such as high-load web services or simple information processing, and can guarantee high performance in these stages. Complex applications where performance is critical will likely require a more powerful but complex one. While for small projects or for beginners, simple will be a good choice.


Organizations rely primarily on stability, so reliability is a critical aspect. They undergo extensive testing to detect and eliminate critical errors. This quickly identifies and solves problems that arise in operation. Compatibility with various operating systems, databases and other third-party templates is also in demand to provide reliability.


Vulnerabilities lead to serious consequences. Such ready-made principles implement mechanisms for comprehensive protection against common attacks, such as SQL injections, cross-site request forgery (CSRF) and many others, which is critical for the safety of access and security of users on the Internet.

Framework architecture

Framework architecture plays a role in functionality and usability. A structure-aware implementation allows the resource to be separated as separate modifiers. Flexibility allows you to choose only what is in demand. This scheme promotes code reuse and maintenance optimization.

It is also important to note that the architecture of the framework is the part that defines the rules and conventions. By creating a coherent and structured summary that improves readability and understanding.

What kind of frameworks are there by type of task

When it comes to frameworks, you need to understand what they are and that they may differ in their purpose and specialization. This is the execution of specific tasks:

  • Web frameworks are the choice for applications and websites. They involve models with HTTP requests, routing, templates and databases.
  • Mobile, creating mobile applications for different platforms such as iOS and Android. Frontend, they are focused on the client part of the web interface.
  • Machine learning is the provision for developing and training models.
  • Gaming, web frameworks are used for computer games, such a progressive tool is integrated with graphics and physics, which increases animation.
  • DB: They simplify and provide data tables.
  • IoT: For Internet of Things (IoT) devices.


Backend frameworks are specialized server-side modules. They provide client requests, table communication, business logic, and more.


JS frameworks are methods that facilitate the front-end of web applications to create modern interactive interfaces. The choice depends on your needs and experience with JScript. Some of the most common ones are: React, Angular, Vue, Ember, Backbone, Svelte, Preact, Aurelia, Mithril.

Full stack

Full stack is a type of development that refers to an approach in which people deal with both the backend and the frontend. Starting from server logic and databases, ending with the interface and visual design. The full stack framework provides integrated sets that allow you to create an entire project.

What are the different sizes of frameworks

They vary in size and complexity. Some categories that can be classified are mini, medium, full, micro server and static.

Size: Model:
Mini Flask, Sinatra.
Average Express, Node Ruby
Full-fledged Django, Angular, Spring
Micro Spring Boot, Nest
Static Gatsby, Hugo